The main problem is that glasses or contact lenses amblyopia do not fix it - normal binocularvision is lost forever. Fortunately, it is impossible to assert that amblyopia tends to widespread among the inhabitants of the planet, as this disease affects only 2% of people in the world. Healthy children are faced with the disease in the 1 - 3.5% of the cases, and kids with pre-existing abnormalities of view - 4 - 5.5% of the cases.
The causes of disease
Leading ophthalmologists of the world agree thatthe main cause of amblyopia are inhibitory processes in the cerebral cortex, which is excluded from the slender chain of visual activity of a patient eye, and thus protect the organs of sight from the doubling of the so-called diplopia.
The emergence of the primary amblyopia is associated with abnormalities of formation of the eyeball during fetal development.
Risk factors for the emergence of secondary amblyopia include:
- the birth of a premature baby;
- low weight baby at birth;
- the presence of retinopathy (retinal lesions) in the premature baby;
- cerebral palsy;
- mental retardation;
- strabismus a child up to 6 - 8 years.
The indirect causes of amblyopia in a child include bad habits mother during pregnancy: smoking and consumption of alcoholic beverages.
The risk of blindness in people sufferingamblyopia, significantly higher than those with good vision. If a good eye on the background of the disease amblyopic second loses the ability to binocular vision, the person becomes disabled.
MirSovetov notes that the above list is farNot all diagnostic methods for the determination of amblyopia. The need for each of them is set on the basis of specific features of some form of amblyopia. In some cases, using a CT scan, MRI scan and send the patient to consult a neurologist to rule out various disorders in the central nervous system.
Treatment of amblyopia
If time does not make the issue of values, you cancompletely lose sight. Blindness, acquired as a result of amblyopia, is not subject to correction. In general, treatment of amblyopia favorable prognosis. From the syndrome of "lazy eye" can be completely eliminated by a responsible approach to the correction of the underlying disease causing amblyopia.
Treatment regimen develops ophthalmologist. To start an expert tries to select the most suitable correction, considering the patient's illness as an individual case. Kids school age may prescribe contact lenses or night, assign laser correction, which is especially effective if both eyes are different refraction (anisometropia).
In the form of obscure disease treatmentaimed at correcting the condition that caused amblyopia. For example, eyelid surgery, with corneal opacity may be conducted at ptosis - photorefractive surgery at cataract - Implantation of an intraocular lens.
Strabizmaticheskuyu amblyopia successfully correctedusing passive and active pleoptiki. Pleoptika - it is the sphere of ophthalmology, which are the subject of study of pathology of organs of vision as a result of underdevelopment.
At the core lies a passive pleoptiki occlusion (Closing) good seeing eye to improvevisual acuity in mowing and variable occlusion to translate squint in an alternating form. This kind of squint alternately captures one or the other eye, and the central fossa responds to the "picture" that comes with that one, then the other eye.
After application of the passive type pleoptikitransferred to its active form. To do this, cover the healthy eye, and then stimulate the retina functioning mowing eyeball. Stimulation is carried out by means of light, laser, electrical impulses and specialized computer programs. In order to achieve tangible results, pleoptic vision correction is carried out 3 to 5 times a year.
The leading role in exposing the patient eye performs a hardware treatment (ophthalmic simulators Ambliokor, Panorama, Mosaic PS - 2).
For children of primary school age who are notcan tolerate occlusion, we developed a method of penalization with atropine. The medicine is dropped into the eye that sees better then because of the expanded pupil sharpness of vision decreases, which causes the eye with amblyopia to "work" at the limit of their capabilities.
Basic procedures complementphysiotherapy sessions - vibratory massage and reflexology. Treatment of amblyopia can be called successful if the visual acuity of both eyes is impossible to make about the same. Strabismus problem is solved radically eliminating pathology by surgery.
Prevention of disease
In time to find a violation of thevisual device, visit an ophthalmologist at least 2 times a year. If the baby has not attained the age of 5 years, there is even a slight squint, a doctor, he should be observed regularly.
Babe up to a year in which there is suspicion of a squint, arrange training, placing toys at some distance ahead. In the side view of such babies should not be the brightest objects!
Perhaps the most effective measure for the prevention of eye diseases, and there is immediate access to a doctor at the slightest sign of any problems with the eyes.