Hemoglobin and its norm
Translated from the Greek and Latin languages the word"Hemoglobin" means "blood" or "blood balls". Medicine treats the term as follows: coloring pigment in the blood and an integral part of red blood cells, ie erythrocytes. It is this component is attached to our blood red hue.
In humans, hemoglobin acts as oxygen transporter in the respiratory system to the tissues, it also carries carbon dioxide from tissues to the respiratory system.
The normal rate of hemoglobin in pregnancyis about 120-140 g / l, by the end of the 6th month of its level decreases sharply. This is due to the fact that starting from the 20th week of gestation, the blood liquefies women, increases in volume and decreases the number of red blood cells. This state is normal in terms of physiological characteristics of pregnant women.
In that case, if the hemoglobin began to decline before 20 weeks, we can talk about the development of anemiaWhich, in turn, may result in an insufficient amount of iron, zinc, copper, folic acid. Also dysbiosis or neurasthenia.
As doctors say, iron deficiency anemiasubject to virtually every pregnant woman as the reasons for its development abound, ranging from harsh environments, ending hereditary diseases.
This disease is the best time to prevent thanhard to treat pregnancy as additional medication may adversely affect the internal organs of the fetus and placental development. The right thing is still in the very early stages of pregnancy the expectant mother to pay attention to the culture of his power and resort to folk remedies, stabilizing the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Causes of low hemoglobin in pregnant women
Mainly due to increased hemoglobinhereditary characteristics of a woman, but as anemia, hemoglobin jump does not add the expectant mother's health. This is a condition characterized by the manifestation of fatigue, weakness and drowsiness. In addition, the increase also contribute to physical activities.
High hemoglobin successfully diagnosed by giving blood for analysis, laboratory testing of urine and detailed consultations with specialists narrow focus.
The main reasons are the increase in hemoglobin:
- genetic predisposition;
- accommodation in the highlands;
- active and heavy physical exertion;
- smoking before and during pregnancy;
- Folic acid deficiency in the body;
- heart disease and urinary tract;
- long dehydration;
- surplus B vitamins;
- bowel obstruction;
Symptoms of high hemoglobin:
- reduced quality and visual acuity;
- constant sleepiness and lack of sleep;
- loss of appetite;
- pale skin;
- functional disorders of the genitourinary system.
Complications increase in hemoglobin of at leastdisastrous than in anemia. Not only that, it can cause preterm labor, such a state is fraught with a sinking pregnancy and intrauterine growth retardation. It is also possible miscarriage and chronic fetal hypoxia.
A mother with a high hemoglobin thrombosis.
Such side effects are associated with the fact that the blood becomes thick and viscous as a result, the fruit does not receive the normal amount of oxygen and other nutrients.
If hemoglobin is too high, the doctors are not veryrecommended for pregnant women to take vitamin complexes without the permission of a specialist. The composition of some of them are components that increase the hemoglobin, which in this case is totally unacceptable.
Only a doctor should choose the right course of treatment, which is aimed at promoting blood thinners and its clotting.
Effects of low hemoglobin in pregnancy
Lack of these very redblood cells in the blood formation system of a pregnant woman risk that may slow down the growth and development of the child in utero, the immune system weakens.
Among other complications during gestation may be:
In addition, the baby may be born with asphyxia,low birth weight and later will be worse to adapt to the new environment. With anemic woman is more difficult to give birth to as a result of the fact that labors under these conditions is weak, postpartum bleeding for a long time does not stop.
Fatigue after childbirth causes difficulties in the mother, because it can not fully take care of the child.
Treatment and prevention of anemia in pregnancy
To avoid unpleasant consequences deficithemoglobin should be before the start of pregnancy and at the very early stages to take care of their health and to comply with all the necessary preventive measures. It is important to saturate the blood with iron system. Optionally take pharmaceutical drugs and injections, special diet is sufficient, which should include the following foods:
- fruits and vegetables are high in vitamins;
- consumption of red meat (in this case, vegetarianism inadmissible);
- fish, fat cottage cheese, meat products and meat. All that is rich in protein;
- reducing the amount of fat. It is a fatty fish, lard, mutton and so on. In anemia should eat no more than 80 grams of fat per day;
- the consumption of carbohydrates in the form of cereals, fruits and vegetables.
Rich in iron are considered to be dried mushrooms, apricots, young turnips, potatoes, peas, onion, green apples, persimmons, buckwheat, green vegetables, beans, pomegranates and pears.
The best option - is to prevent the development ofdisease. From the first weeks of pregnancy, a woman needs to control the hemoglobin level and regularly donate blood in the laboratory. Our website also recommends not to forget about the regular walks in the fresh air, gymnastic and breathing exercises.