Indications for conducting exercises
As well as manual therapy, exercise therapy maybe part of a comprehensive treatment or act as an independent therapeutic method. The main scope of physical therapy are diseases of the musculoskeletal system, but it is worth noting that exercise therapy is used in the fields of medicine such as gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics, psychiatry, neurology, tuberculosis and some other.
MirSovetov identified the following diseases, in the treatment of which the method can be applied:
- Diseases of the heart and other organs of the cardiovascular system:
- low blood pressure;
- coronary heart disease;
- CNS trauma;
- myocardial degeneration;
- vascular diseases of the brain, resulting in motor disorders and vestibular system;
- heart disease, and others.
- urolithiasis and others.
Therapeutic exercises prescribed asmeans for rapid recovery of the body after surgery. This method avoids the various complications that may arise as a result of abdominal operations and operations in the lungs, the heart or blood vessels.
With regard to the musculoskeletal system, thethis method as a therapeutic exercise helps strengthen the muscles, joints develop, accelerate recovery processes of bone tissue. Among other things, these exercises are used as a combination therapy for patients undergoing plastic surgery or burn disease.
Exercise therapy can be useful even for pregnant women. It is used as a treatment for hormonal disorders, inflammation of the pelvic organs, prolapse of the uterus.
Forms of physiotherapy
Such exercise can be carried out in three ways:
- In the form of individual lessons. As a rule, this method is used in the treatment of patients who have undergone major surgery and with reduced mobility.
- Group classes - a popular and effective method of therapeutic exercises. Of the patients with similar diagnoses form a group, which is engaged under the guidance of the instructor.
- Independent work means that before hospital discharge his man teach various exercises that he later would practice at home.
As a rule, each class physiotherapists includes three main parts:
- Introductory stage takes about 1/5 of the timeall classes. At this time, patients perform a warm-up, which will prepare the body for further physical activities. As a warm-up can be a walking, slow-moving game, simple exercises for the trunk and extremities.
- The main part of the class takes approximately 70-80%of the total time. At this stage, patients perform intense exercise, the purpose of which is the treatment of a disease. Exercises the main part are selected based on the kind of problem they are intended to solve.
- The final phase lasts no more than 10 minutes. At this time, the intensity of the load is reduced, breathing and heart rate of patients recovered. Exercises final part is easy walking and relaxation.
Dosages loads in physical therapy
our site has identified the following loads dosages used in physical therapy:
- Medical - they mean so manyexercise, which will be sufficient to achieve a therapeutic effect in the treatment of a disease. Therapeutic load directed at the prevention of complications after undergoing the disease.
- Tonic dosage suggested exercises of moderate intensity. This type of exercise therapy is responsible for the consolidation of the therapeutic effect, as well as for the promotion of the main systems of the body work.
- Train lessons are conducted for the purpose ofrestore the normal functioning of all organs and systems of the human body. Train dosages are designed to improve overall health and increase efficiency.
Contraindications to perform physical therapy exercises
In conclusion, it should be noted that therapeutic exercise, in spite of all its benefits, has some contraindications. These include:
- Infectious diseases accompanied by an increase in temperature a body;
- Various intoxication;
- diseases of the circulatory system in the acute stage: circulatory disorders of the brain, thrombosis, worsening patency of coronary vessels, etc .;
- bleeding of various origins;
- the presence of cancer;
- heart failure;
- respiratory disorders;
- complex mental illness;
- malaise, weakness, fatigue;
- severe pain of various origins;
- presence of foreign objects in the body, which are located close to the main body vessels.