The only source of infection can actOnly a sick person. spinal paralysis virus gets into the environment by airborne droplets or fecal-oral route. The causative agent is on the mucosa for 3-7 days, and during this period the patient is infected can transmit it through unwashed hands, vegetables, close breath. Paramount polio virus enters the mouth and continues its propagation in the intestinal tract. And after the end of the incubation period begins with the active phase of the manifestation of symptoms of the disease.
As a rule, the majority of patients accounted forchildren under the age of 10 years, with 60 to 80% of all victims - kids up to 4 years. Due to the seasonal weakening of the immune system, are the most dangerous period of the summer and autumn months. MirSovetov tell your readers about the symptoms and methods of treatment of polio.
Spinal paralysis is classified ashighly infectious disease that causes a viral infection. It damages the nervous system of the patient in just a few hours. Experts identify two forms of poliomyelitis: atypical or paralytic - without the CNS, as well as typical or non-paralytic, which affects the nervous system. In addition, the severity distinguish mild, moderate and severe condition.
The manifestations of paralytic poliomyelitis
To determine polio symptoms, it should be understood that the atypical form of the disease has several stages, each of which varies according to the process of manifestation. Let us consider each of them in detail:
A typical form of polio, as a rule,characterized by lesions of spinal roots, at least - the meninges. Symptoms usually last for 4-7 days. External symptoms are very similar to the course meningitis or meningoradikulita. For this form of the disease characterized by the appearance of nausea, vomiting, digestive disorders (diarrhea or constipation), A brief fever, as well as strong cough, Runny nose and sore throat.
When you need call an ambulance?
- when a shortness of breath, a strong headache;
- at the time the tone back muscles, fever, shortness of breath;
- with tingling, abuse or skin sensitization;
- the weakness and diarrhea, tension neck;
- when there is difficulty in swallowing food, phonation, paralysis of facial muscles.
In medical practice it is not currentlyantivirals exist aimed at specific treatment of polio. Patients are placed in a box and depending on the stage of the disease are assigned comprehensive measures to address the symptoms:
- In phase preparaliticheskoy effective method performs receiving sedatives, decongestants, painkillers. Also symptomatic treatment: antihypoxants, antipyretic (paracetamol, Nurofen), B vitamins and antibiotics. At this time, the patient should be in the insulating box, subject to bed rest for at least 14-21 days.
- When paralytic stage patients prescribed intravenous immunoglobulin.
- During the period of paralysis of the patient is placed in a separateboxing, where he was placed on a hard mattress. Legs at the same must be stretched along the body, and foot statically fixed in a comfortable position tire. If, during the seizures affected the respiratory muscles, then the patient is transferred to the artificial lung ventilation.
- In the recovery phase, physicians prescribed anticholinesterase drugs, physical therapy, physiotherapy, hydrotherapy, electrical stimulation, the reception of glutamic acid, as well as spa treatment.
Depending on the severity and characteristics ofof the disease in some cases, physicians prescribe orthopedic therapy to correct disorders and deformations formed in the body contractures.
Prevention of disease
In modern medical practice, the onlyby spinal paralysis prevention is vaccination. Conducting vaccination is carried out in several stages, which are established norms of the vaccination calendar. Thus, it is necessary to vaccinate 3, 4 and 5 months, and then produce revaccination - 18, 20 months and 14 to reach the age of the child.
Many parents make the decision on the refusal of vaccination against polio virus, fearing to get negative complications vaccinations. Statistically 1 in 200 can developirreversible paralysis, with 10.5% of such patients die of respiratory muscle paralysis. But before you give up the grafting, you must carefully weigh all the "pros" and "cons" procedure, since without vaccination for certain parents leave their child without protection.