About the release forms medical action, rules of application and the possible adverse effects will be discussed in our article.
On the forms of manufacture and composition Tsetrina
Production of the tool has been one of the Indian pharmaceutical corporations. There are 2 forms Tsetrina:
- Tablets - round, biconvex, white,covered with a foil wrapper. On one side is made of risk. The active agent tablets - cetirizine dihydrochloride in a single tablet it contains 10 mg. A number of excipients: Povidone, lactose, corn starch, magnesium stearate, hypromellose, talc, titanium dioxide, macrogol, sorbic acid, dimethicone, polysorbate. The package can be 30, 20 and 10 pieces.
- Syrup is packaged in 60 and 30 ml, in a packagemeasuring spoon is for the convenience of dosing. Syrup homogeneous, transparent, colorless, may be small yellowish tint and opalescence, the smell had a nice, fruity. One milliliter of syrup contains 1 mg of cetirizine dihydrochloride. It is used in its production: sucrose, sorbitol, benzoic acid, a fruit flavor, glycerin, sodium citrate, sodium edetate.
About generations antiallergic drugs
Now a closer look at medicalproperties of cetirizine. This blocker histamine receptor is able to bind to these receptors H1 and block them. It turns out that the released histamine is no longer able to contact with the receptors to influence them. Recall that histamine stimulates the body's allergic reactions and rise - redness, swelling, itching, skin rash. If at a cellular level is blocked by the development of allergic reactions, their external symptoms are not manifested as significant in shape. Due to the amount of released histamine Tsetrinu reduced, in addition inhibits the migration of eosinophils into the hearth allergies. Accordingly, the later stages of increased sensitivity will be less pronounced. Have Tsetrina and general anti-inflammatory effect, because under its influence production of cytokines that support allergic reaction, significantly inhibited. Course application Tsetrina dulls willingness to increase in the cells of the bronchi of allergic reactions. As a result, sufferers asthma reduced the number of attacks. To act in the body Tsetrin starts about 20 minutes after its reception. It is saved for 24 hours. Even if the reception is complete drug recovery readiness to allergic reactions occurs for three days.
Tsetrin used, if necessary:
- relieve itching;
- eliminate existing edema or prevent its development;
- reduce capillary permeability and fluid access to the tissue;
- remove the spasm of smooth muscles.
Conditions that needs Tsetrin:
- cold (Seasonal and year-round);
- hay fever;
- tearing that occurs due to allergic conjunctivitis;
- pruritic dermatoses (atopic dermatitis. neurodermatitis);
- bronchial asthma;
Instructions for use Tsetrina
And syrup and tablets taken once a day,regardless of the time eating, washing them down with some water. It is advisable to take a pill or a measured amount of syrup in the evening. Syrup can be given to babies from the age of two, but the pills - only those children who are already older than six years. Dosages are as follows:
- from two to five years - these children a day to drink 5 ml syrup (there are cases where this amount is divided by two times);
- all the kids who are older than six years and adults daily metered 10 ml of syrup, or they ingested one tablet.
Attention, if plannedallergy tests, the three (or four) of the day we must stop using Tsetrina, false negative results may turn out differently. In the days of receiving this medication should not take alcoholic drinks. Try to refrain from activities that require high speed reaction and attention.
If the patient receives Theophylline, the actionTsetrina lengthened. If any of the dose of normal functioning kidney patients reduced by half. Similarly, the act, if the patient is elderly. If, during the course of treatment one day you have forgotten to take this medicine, then the next day, be careful, take the drug without increasing the dose. He stands another important question - how many days should drink Tsetrin? And it depends on various factors, including: the nature of the flow of allergy, the degree of its severity. In severe forms of the allergy rate is usually between 10 to 14 days. If allergy symptoms go away before the reception of this tool can be stopped before the deadline.
If Tsetrin prevention should drink atDuring days 30-45, when the space around you there are potential allergens. For example, if you usually allergy season begins in flowering plants, the time of reception - April and May.
In bronchial asthma, doctors prescribe thisas one means of treatment components. The scheme is as follows: 15-20 days of reception, then a seven-day break, after which Tsetrina receiving renewed for another 20 days.
Cases of overdose are fixed, if once been drunk more than 50 ml of syrup (or ingested more than 5 tablets). Symptoms of overdose we list:
- cessation of urine output;
- dryness of the mouth;
- irritability, anxiety and restlessness;
- trembling limbs;
To help here is gastric lavage and symptomatic treatment assignment.
Do not use Tsetrin throughout pregnancy and during the period when a woman breastfeeds the baby.
If during treatment Tsetrinom appearsigns of hypersensitivity to the drug, it immediately overturned. If you see a part of the drug substance, to which you have an intolerance, then this tool can not be used so as not to cause harm to your health.
whether side effects are possible?
MirSovetov lists the adverse events that may occur when taking Tsetrina:
- drowsiness, lethargy;
- migraine. dizziness;
- flatulence, Chair disorder (constipation or diarrhea);
- skin rashes, angioedema.
If Tsetrina was not in the pharmacy, it is quitecan replace drugs-synonyms, the main active ingredient of which is still the same cetirizine. For example, it may be Tsetirinaks, Alerza, Zyrtec, Zodak, Zintset, Parlazin, Allertek.